We will talk with Samuel Autexier (Quiero editions) and Emmanuel Loi (writer and art critic, author of more than thirty works in residence at Reillanne) about Simone Debout and of course Sade and Fourier, whom she presents in this delivers the decisive and so misunderstood contribution.
Through the writing and the unique journey of these three figures, we will talk about the passions in the forefront of which (they) all place the passion of love, but also about politics with a fierce criticism of our “civilization”, of philosophy and writing…
In this book which brings together two articles published in 1981 in the magazine Topique, the philosopher Simone Debout returns to the decisive contribution of the thought of Donatien Alphonse François de Sade in the construction of the system imagined by the utopian Charles Fourier: Harmony . In a rich and precise language, it shows how the two thinkers, by criticizing the “moralists” of the Enlightenment (and of the French Revolution!), pointed out the limits and excesses of a civilization, ours, where the movement of passion is hampered, bribed by commodity fetishism. Denouncing the misery of false industry and advocating the shared riches of a new world of love, Fourier establishes plans based on his major discovery of the laws of passionate attraction.
“The philosophers, writes Fourier, say that the passions are too lively, too boiling; in truth they are weak and languid. Do we not see everywhere the mass of men endure without resistance the persecution of a few masters and the despotism of prejudices? Astonished like La Boétie by the endurance of crowds subject to masters and prejudices, he points out the cause: “Their passions are too weak to bear the audacity of despair; that is why the many are always victims of the few who use cunning to master force”. Unlike the divine marquis, Fourier does not concentrate their power in one direction. He does not return the desire on himself. It multiplies the various impulses one by one: centering everything on the most powerful feeling of all, love, “pivot of society”. He too is attached to the Christian tradition but unlike Sade, he does not seek to destroy illusions, he wants — already — to realize them, to take back their good from religion and morality, to transfer love and enigmatic requirement of heaven or of the ideal on earth. Not at all incapable of thinking about violence, “the audacity of despair”, he aims as resolutely to get out of it as Sade to sink into it, to aggravate it.
Emmanuel Loi who flushed out this text by Simone Debout makes the presentations: “For her, to form a body, to speak and write, consists in widening the breach. Ideas do not fall from the sky; assumptions and resistances are part of the lot. At the crossroads of three disciplines, anthropology, philosophy and psychoanalysis, Simone Debout manages to orchestrate and highlight the lines of force of a fantastic linguistic and ideological pileup. »
Published by Quiero editions in Forcalquier in January 2022, 100 pages in 16×22 cm format – 20 euros.
We would like to say thanks to the writer of this post for this incredible material
Literature: Presentation of the book Payer le mal à installment (on Sade and Fourier) by Simone Debout
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