SUPER MOON. The first Super Moon of the year, the Strawberry Super Moon on Tuesday June 14 owes its name to the Native Americans who associated it with the red fruit harvest period. Time, observation, effects, we tell you everything!
[Mis à jour le 11 juin 2022 à 16h06] A “Great Moon Strawberries”, the last full Moon of spring, is observable in the night sky on Tuesday, June 14, 2022. The Super Moon is a phenomenon that occurs when the Moon is at the point of its orbit closest to the Earth. On this night there, the Super Moon will appear larger and brighter than usual.
During this astronomical phenomenon, the full moon, illuminated by the Sun, can take on an orange tint, but “it depends in particular on the presence of dust in the atmosphere”, according to the words of Gilles Dawidowicz, secretary general of the Astronomical Society of France. And the weather conditions do not always allow you to admire this immense spectrum of flamboyant red. The Super Moon will be closest to Earth at 1:51 p.m. precisely, French time, this Tuesday.
But the Super moons of this year 2022 will not equal the phenomenon perceived on November 14, 2016 with a Moon closest to us (356,511 km all the same). To regain such “proximity”, we will have to be patient and wait until 2034! While waiting to observe the Super Moon of June 14, discover the most beautiful pictures of Super Moons taken around the world, from the United States to Australia via Europe:
This Tuesday, June 14, the full moon will be closer to our blue planet and we will be able to see it very slightly larger (by 14% all the same) and much brighter (by 30%) than usual, a phenomenon called “Super Moon”. The position of the satellite relative to the Earth will indeed be at a distance of 357,658 kilometers, one of the shortest. We then say that the full moon has reached its perigee, that is to say its point of orbit closest to the Earth.
The June 14, 2022 Super Moon will occur at 1:51:46 p.m., according to the Institute of Celestial Mechanics and Ephemeris Calculation (IMCCE).
The phenomenon baptized “Super Moon” by astrologer Richard Nolle, but which scientists prefer to call “phenomenon of perigee-syzygy”, takes place when the point of the lunar orbit is at a minimum distance from the Earth.
When is the Moon closest to the Earth? When located at a distance of less than 360,000 km (the average distance between the Earth and the Moon is 384,400 km) according to the Paris Observatory. On June 14, the full moon will be about 357,658 kilometers from Earth.
In astronomy, this event is called “perigee-syzygia”, the name of Super Moon having nothing scientific, since it is an invention of the astrologer Richard Nolle in 1979. NASA website defines the astronomical event as “a full moon at the same time as an extreme perigee”.
By Super Moon, we therefore mean a celestial phenomenon that is due to two elements: the only satellite of planet Earth passes closest to us when it is a full moon evening.
The Strawberry Super Moon is so named by Native American tribes because it coincides with strawberry season, when they are ripe and can be harvested, usually near the summer solstice. On the other hand, it does not have a red color or a fruit shape!
The Super Moon phenomenon is only visible from countries where it is dark when it passes behind the Earth. The Super Moon is only really observable after sunset, with the naked eye, using binoculars or telescopes. Unfortunately for this June 14 Super Moon, the Moon will already be in its waning phase at the time of its observation from France… It will therefore not be 100% full, its rise time being at 10:36 p.m. on June 14, and her bedtime at 6:08 the next morning…
In order to observe a Super Moon in optimal conditions, it is necessary to equip yourself with astronomical glasses or a telescope, far from atmospheric pollution, or go to one of the clubs of the French Association of Astronomy (AFA). See the map.
To be sure to observe all the details of the next Super Moon, you must arm yourself with a telescope or a pair of binoculars and be as far as possible from the lights of the city. The Super Moon can only be observed without a telescope if the weather is very good. To observe a Super Moon, the sky must not be overcast.
A Super Moon appears slightly brighter and larger than a Full Moon, simply because it appears at perigee, at its closest orbit point to Earth, less than 360,000 km away.
Due to the proximity of the full moon with our planet Earth, its effects have an even stronger impact on tides, mood and sleep. Indeed, as explained by a Swiss scientific study carried out in 2013 published in the journal Current Biology, “a lunar rhythm can modulate the structure of sleep in humans”. This means that the time to fall asleep is extended by 5 minutes, deep sleep is reduced by 30% and the duration of sleep by 20 minutes. Consequently, the level of melatonin, a hormone secreted during our sleep, which has a role to play in mood, is lower, which can cause irritability or even depression.
If lunar eclipses can occur several times a year, the conjunction of the two phenomena (Super Moon and total eclipse) is rare and gives rise to what is called a blood moon. Several centuries ago, “blood moons” were perceived as the announcement of great catastrophes. Today, we know that this color is due to the projection of sunlight. During the lunar eclipse, it is possible to “see the reflections on the lunar surface of all sunrises and sunsets on Earth”, a phenomenon which results from “a rare alignment of these three astronomical cycles”, a Professor Jason Aufdenberg of Embry-Riddle Aeronautics University in Florida pointed out to Point.
If a supermoon is announced as a blue supermoon, it has nothing to do with its color. It is so called because it is the second full moon of a calendar month. A fact that only happens every 19 years. The last Super Blue Moon was on January 31, 2018. The conjunction of the phenomena, super blue moon and super blood moon, had not occurred since March 31, 1866 and the next one will not take place before January 31, 2037. The use of the term “blue” would result from a blunder in an article in the American magazine of amateur astronomy Sky and Telescope, in 1946. The article in question was titled “Once in a Blue Moon” and was written by journalist James Hugh Pruett who misinterpreted the Maine Farmers’ Almanac of 1937. And so this confusing expression has gone around the world in no time…! Every two to three years, the year includes 13 full moons instead of 12. The super blue moon is therefore associated with the number 13. Beliefs from the Middle Ages associate these years with 13 full moons with natural disasters, but gardeners rather evoke particularly rainy years not conducive to harvests.
The expression “Super Moon of the century” is to be taken with a grain of salt. The last time our satellite approached so close to the earth was in 1948. On November 14, 2016, the Moon had never been so big since 1948. NASA, who spoke of “super extra Moon”, announced one of the “most impressive lunar appearances of the century”. But if you were expecting to see a gigantic Moon, you may have been disappointed. “This full moon [était] actually closest to Earth for the year 2016 […]but its change in apparent diameter [n’était] absolutely not obvious to perceive with the naked eye”, explained then the scientific author Guillaume Cannat in his blog Around the sky. The notion of “Super Moon” was invented by an astrologer some forty years ago, and clumsily used by the NASA press service”, he continued. Although the phenomenon is quite exceptional, Guillaume Cannat then warned us about the “exceptional” nature of his observation.
Note the dates of the next Super Moon in your calendar, so you don’t miss a thing:
- June 14, 2022, scheduled for 1:51 p.m. in Sagittarius
- July 13, 2022, scheduled for 8:38 p.m. in Capricorn
The next Super Blue Blood Moon will not reoccur until January 31, 2037.
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Supermoon 2022: time, observation, all about the Supermoon of June 14
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