For to which of the angels did God ever say: You are my Son, I have begotten you this day? And again: I will be a father to him, and he will be a son to me? Hebrews 1.5 Excerpt from Interlinear Annotated Bible.
The Superior Son of Angels
To establish this superiority, the author quotes:
Prophetic declarations which establish his quality of Son and present him to the adoration of the angels (8, 6)
Passages from which it emerges that the angels are simple instruments that God fashions at will, while the Son is immutable in his reign of justice, in the domination he exercises over the world created by him and destined to perish (7-12)
The word of the Psalm which shows that the goal pursued by God is to make the reign of his Son triumph, while the angels are spirits employed by God in the service of men, heirs of salvation (13, 14).
Psalms 2.7. This passage is quoted here because of the name of Son that God gives to the Messiah.
The question of when the words apply: I fathered you todayis secondary.
Perhaps the author did not even have a fixed idea on this subject. If one insists on clarifying one’s thoughts on this point, the most natural thing is to admit that it is a question, in our passage as in Hebrews 5.5 of the glorification of Jesus Christ after his resurrection. Paul makes the same application of it in his discourse at Antioch in Pisidia (Acts 13.33), and says elsewhere that Jesus Christ was “declared the Son of God in power by his resurrection from the dead” (Romans 1.4).
It is therefore not a question, as several interpreters think, of the eternal generation of the Son by the Father, but of his introduction into the celestial royalty, of his elevation, by which, after having made himself obedient to the dead, he was consummated in perfection, put in possession of all the divine prerogatives, and was generates, so to speak, to the life of eternal glory. He bears a name more excellent than that of all the angels (Hebrews 1.4), the name of Son, which it possesses in an exclusive sense. It may be objected that angels are also called son of God (Job 1.6 ; Job 2.1 ; Job 38.7 ; Psalms 89.7 ; Genesis 6.2). But this name is not given to them in the absolute sense in which it is attributed to the only begotten Son (see the next verse).
2 Samuel 7:14. These words are part of Nathan’s promise to David that when he lies with his fathers, his son will build a house for the Lord. “I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever, adds the Eternal, I will be his Father, and he will be my Son”.
This promise was not limited to the person of Solomon, but extended to the royalty with which he would be clothed. The prophet announces twice that this will be perpetual, when he says of Solomon: “I will establish the throne of his kingdom has always » (Hebrews 1.13), and when he repeats to David: “Thus your house and your kingdom shall be for all time sure before your eyes and your throne will be for all timestrengthened”.
The word addressed to David therefore contained the promise of the Messiah, of the eternal King, of the true Son of whom David and Solomon were only the types.
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For to which of the angels did God ever say: You are my Son, I have begotten you this day? And again: I will be a father to him, and he will be a son to me? Hebrews 1.5 – Christian Life – Christian Journal
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